Communications Standard Dictionary by Martin H. Weik

By Martin H. Weik

Communications * typical Dictionary is a accomplished compilation of phrases and definitions utilized in communications and similar fields. Communications is outlined because the department of technological know-how and know-how thinking about the method of representing, shifting, and examining the which means as­ signed to facts by way of and between people, areas, or machines. verbal exchange is outlined because the move of knowledge among a resource (trans­ mitter, mild resource) and a sink (receiver, photodetector) over a number of chan­ nels in keeping with a protocol, and in a fashion appropriate for interpretation or comprehension by means of the receiver; or as a style or technique of conveying informa­ tion of any variety from one individual or position to a different. briefly, communications is a department of technology and expertise, while com­ munication relates to the particular move of knowledge. hence, the be aware com­ munication may be used as a modifier, as in communique middle, communi­ cation deception, and communique line, simply as within the box of electronics one speaks of digital units and digital circuits.

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Activity ratio: See file activity ratio. ACTS: advanced communications technology satel- lite. actual key: A key that directly identifies the physical location of a record (a) in or on a storage medium or (b) in a storage device. actual transfer rate: The average number of binary digits, characters, blocks, or frames transferred per unit time between two points whether accepted or not accepted as valid at the receiving end. actuation method: In switching systems, the way in which a motive force must be applied to a switch to place it into its various states.

Alert-dispatch system: See group alert-dispatch system. alerting and dispatching system: See group alerting and dispatching system. algebra: See Boolean algebra. 26 algebraic expression algebraic expression: 1. An expression that specifies an operation in conventional algebra to be performed on abstract variables. 2. An expression that specifies a set of arithmetic or algebraic operations that consists of operators and operands and that can be reduced to a single numeric result when numeric values are substituted for the operands and the specified operations are performed.

See also action addressee, exempted addressee, information addressee. address field: The portion of a message header that contains the source user address and the destination user address. Note: In a communications network, the transmitted signal for the message consists of a message header, the user data, and a trailer. See also data transmission, header, signal. ADH 17 address field extension: In data transmission, an enlargement of the address field to include more addressing information. address format: In communications, computer, and data processing systems, the arrangement of the parts of an address, such as the arrangement of (a) the characters of an address that identify the band, channel, track, or cylinder on magnetic disks, (b) the several addresses in a computer instruction word, and (c) the parts of the address of a message.

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