By Susan M. Ervin-Tripp (Auth.)
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Extra resources for Child Discourse
Unh-unh. 5'. Affirmative: Use of "yes" or other explicitly affirmative term (often delivered ironically). Yes. Yes, I want it. Examples: 53 "You Fruithead" 6. Supportive assertion: Examples: Statements presenting evidence in support of an argument. (It's mine) Because I bought it. (I'm stronger) Because I'm bigger than you. 6'. Demand for evidence: Request for proof or evidence from opponent. Examples: Prove it. How do you know? I bet you can't. 7. Nonword vocal signals. Examples: Nyeeh-nyeeh. Aaaargh.
A baby announced of self, Baby peed in her pants. Both also committed the syntax error noted by Gleason, for example: 46 Garvey MOTHER (3:1) BABY (3:1) 1. Okay, put them on the table. (cups) 2. Where the table? Where table? 3. Here's table. There's that table. Put lunch there. Put your lunch there. , [gu: gu:] and [ga: g a : ] , but the child in baby role spoke much less than did the mother. , handsies, shoesies. Overall frequency of pitch was higher than the child's nonrole-playing voice and as mother, the child often crooned as she attended to baby.
That's ant instead of That ant, or That a ant. When our peer dyads played family, not only did one child shift to represent an adult, but the other child had to take the less favored baby role. Thus, we have the contrasting behaviors of talk-to-baby and baby-talk. Even among the youngest dyads, consistently differentiated marking of these roles was possible—at least for girls. Dyads composed of two boys tended to avoid these roles across the entire age range. Younger mixed-sex dyads assumed fathermother, or father-child roles, while older mixed-sex dyads preferred husbandwife roles.