Aristotle on the Sense-Organs by T. K. Johansen

By T. K. Johansen

This ebook is an in depth examine of Aristotle's idea of the experience organs. It seems in any respect 5 experience organs and indicates how Aristotle's perspectives approximately them keep on with from his perspectives approximately their functionality in conception. The publication additionally exhibits how Aristotle's clarification of why we have now feel organs is essentially various from that of recent technology. The booklet may still entice readers particularly drawn to Aristotle's philosophy of brain and biology in addition to to these commonly attracted to experience belief.

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Extra resources for Aristotle on the Sense-Organs

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My thesis is that Aristotle is primarily interested in the composition of the sense-organs to the extent that the composition shows the presence of key functional attributes. In the case of the eye, for example, the key functional attribute is transparency (cf. ch. 1, sees. 6-11). It is the transparent that has the ability to be changed by colour as such, which for 53 54 18 Cf. g. Sorabji (1980) ch. 10; Cooper (1982); Charles (1991); Sedley (1991). Lloyd (1978). INTRODUCTION Aristotle defines the ability to see.

Another reason why artefacts are a good illustration of natural beings is that artefacts have an end. A chair is made so that one can sit on it, an axe so that one can cut wood with it, a house so that it may give us shelter, and so on and so forth. Aristotle is keen to show the goal-directedness of nature. , and that human beings are born to live a typically human life of thinking, talking, being friends, etc. These activities are all thought of as the end of the living being in question. The analogy with artefacts is supposed to spell this idea out.

KaOdcTrep TOC TWV £COGOV, OUTGO KOU TOC TCOV <|>UTCOV, COS evexa Tffc V^X^IS OVTOC. 32 EXPLANATION FROM THE TOP D O W N ing because of certain attributes that their matter has. Again, Aristotle uses the analogy with artefacts to make his point about the causes of natural beings. 12 If the wall has a foundation of stone, a middle structure of earth and some wooden posts on top, the materialists will say that the foundation is of stone because stone is the heaviest material and therefore sinks to the ground, whereas the earth is on top of the stone because it is lighter, and the posts come on top of all because wood is the lightest element of all.

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