Denial of justice in international law by Jan Paulsson

By Jan Paulsson

Denial of justice is likely one of the oldest bases of legal responsibility in overseas legislation and is tested through Jan Paulsson during this e-book. the chances for prosecuting the offence of denial of justice have advanced in primary methods and it truly is now settled legislations that States can't disavow foreign accountability via arguing that their courts are self sustaining of the govt.. much more importantly, the doorways of foreign tribunals have swung extensive open to confess claimants except states: non-governmental firms, organizations, and participants, and Paulsson examines numerous fresh instances of serious significance in his publication.

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The authorities are innumerable. See notably Article 8 of the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, Montevideo, 26 December 1933, in force 26 December 1934; Article 3 of the International Law Commission’s Draft Declaration on Rights and Duties of States, UN Doc. A/1251 [1949] Yearbook of International Law Commission 287 (‘Every State has the duty to refrain from intervening in the internal or external affairs of any other State’). Louis Drago, then the Argentinian Minister of Foreign Affairs, wrote his celebrated note on 29 December 1902 on the occasion of the joint intervention of Great Britain, Italy and Germany against Venezuela.

True, the sentence assumes rather than demonstrates the existence of international norms of ‘fundamental unfairness’. They require elaboration. Denial of justice in international law cannot be equated with the notion developed in most municipal systems, where it has the limited meaning of a refusal to hear a grievance. Under national law, a disappointed litigant who has been given full access to the procedures provided within the system – including appeals and possibly mechanisms for revision for mistake, fraud, suppressed evidence and the like – cannot ask for more justice, or different justice.

There is no need to perpetuate such a confusing contrast between international and national notions. A thesis of this study is that the category of substantive denial of justice may now be jettisoned. When national courts misapply international law, they commit substantive violations which should not be called denials of justice; the state from which they are emanations incurs direct international responsibility for the violation without regard to the branch of government which was involved. Since the acts or omissions of its courts are attributable to the state, their transgressions of international law are those of the state.

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