By Stephen G. Craft
On may well 23, 1957, US military Sergeant Robert Reynolds was once acquitted of murdering chinese language officer Liu Ziran in Taiwan. Reynolds didn't deny capturing Liu yet claimed self-defense and, like every individuals people army suggestions and advisory teams, used to be safe lower than diplomatic immunity. Reynolds's acquittal sparked a sequence of riots throughout Taiwan that turned a global challenge for the Eisenhower management and raised severe questions about the felony prestige folks army forces located round the world.
In American Justice in Taiwan, writer Stephen G. Craft offers the 1st entire examine of the motives and effects of the Reynolds trial and the consequent protests. After greater than a century of what they perceived as unfair treaties imposed through Western international locations, the Taiwanese appeared the targeted felony prestige of resident American team of workers with severe mistrust. whereas Eisenhower and his advisers thought of Taiwan to be a necessary best friend opposed to chinese language communism, the USA believed that the Taiwanese govt had instigated the unrest so that it will protest the decision and insist felony jurisdiction over GIs. Regardless, the occasions that transpired in 1957 uncovered the big trouble of utilizing the US's Uniform Code of army Justice (UCMJ) throughout cultures.
Employing meticulous examine from either Western and chinese language data, Craft demonstrates that the riots have been in basic terms anti-American in that the Taiwanese rejected the UCMJ, the affording of diplomatic immunity to occupying US forces, and the army courts' interpretation of self-defense. His compelling learn offers a brand new lens in which to check US–Taiwan family within the Fifties, US coverage in Asia, and the particularly charged and intricate query of the felony prestige folks troops on international soil.
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Additional info for American Justice in Taiwan: The 1957 Riots and Cold War Foreign Policy
S. 21 Chiang Kai-shek also moved against anyone who complained about the power and activities of his son. In 1954, K. C. Wu (Wu Guozhen), the former governor of Taiwan, was forced to leave for the United States after an alleged assassination attempt. ”24 The next year, to the shock of the Americans, Sun Liren and approximately three hundred ROC officers loyal to him were arrested because of an alleged plot to overthrow the government. 25 State Department officials rejected such claims, believing that Chiang Ching-kuo moved against a potential successor to his father.
S. 34 The advisors and the Matadors would hopefully prove to be a more effective and cheaper deterrent in holding back the communist red tide. S. and ROC officials certainly experienced their share of frustration and anger as allies. Alliance friction was practically guaranteed. Besides cultural differences and resentments that stretched back to World War II, the relationship was not one of equals. The United States was a hegemonic superpower, while the ROC government, which once nominally ruled a country of considerable demographic and geographic proportions, now only controlled a group of islands with a population of less than 10 million.
39 Yet, Ike preferred that Chiang focus on making Taiwan a strong anticommunist position from which he could use his forces in Korea or Vietnam. The president thought it a mistake for Chiang to become fixated and pinned down by the offshore islands. S. naval interdiction of the Taiwan Strait. 42 The generalissimo had already abandoned the Dachens as part of the deal to get the MDT. To give up more territory would only further damage morale. He warned Washington that they would have to find another Chiang Kai-shek, because no one would follow him if he ceded those islands to the PRC.