By George Ciccariello-Maher
Due to the fact being elected president in 1998, Hugo Chávez has develop into the face of up to date Venezuela and, extra commonly, anticapitalist revolution. George Ciccariello-Maher contends that this concentrate on Chávez has obscured the interior dynamics and old improvement of the country’s Bolivarian Revolution. In We Created Chávez, by means of interpreting social routine and innovative teams energetic ahead of and through the Chávez period, Ciccariello-Maher presents a broader, extra nuanced account of Chávez’s upward push to energy and the years of activism that
Based on interviews with grassroots organizers, former guerrillas, individuals of local militias, and govt officers, Ciccariello-Maher provides a brand new background of Venezuelan political activism, one instructed from less than. Led by way of leftist guerrillas, ladies, Afro-Venezuelans, indigenous humans, and scholars, the social activities he discusses were suffering opposed to corruption and repression on account that 1958. Ciccariello-Maher can pay specific awareness to the dynamic interaction among the Chávez executive, progressive social events, and the Venezuelan humans, recasting the Bolivarian Revolution as a long term and multifaceted technique of political transformation.
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Additional info for We Created Chávez: A People’s History of the Venezuelan Revolution
Why begin the story of the contemporary Venezuelan revolution in 1962? And why with Fabricio Ojeda? If only to mark the origins of the guerrilla struggle, this moment would prove imperfect: Ojeda was a latecomer in this strict sense. If only because of his celebrity, however symbolically important, then the decision would not be an admirable one but one that leads toward an answer. Why had a leader of the resistance to the dictatorship, who himself participated in Venezuela’s nascent democracy, turned so rapidly against this new government?
Paralleling this political division was an equally profound generational divide that cut across party lines. The ‘‘old guard’’ of Betancourt’s Democratic Action (ad), Christian Democratic (copei), and Democratic Republican Unity (urd) parties were largely in exile while those younger party cadres still in Venezuela were battling the dictatorship on the ground and making corresponding strategic decisions. Ojeda, a youthful member of the urd, embodied this more radical ‘‘young guard’’ in many ways.
36 chapter one Guerrillas Without Communists The lessons of these early guerrilla failures remained unclear and contested, and the schism that would eventually divide the Party from the faln was widening. ∑∫ For Petko√, the faln had taken over at the expense of the pcv: ‘‘A revolutionary cause after all cannot be run like an army. ’’∑Ω But the pcv hardly was in touch with the masses in a way that would grant it a monopoly over the political, and even less so as the party leadership was gradually rounded up and imprisoned.