By M. C. Roco, W. S. Bainbridge (auth.), Mihail C. Roco, William Sims Bainbridge (eds.)
M. C. Roco and W.S. Bainbridge within the early a long time of the twenty first century, centred efforts can unify technology in accordance with the team spirit of nature, thereby advancing the combo of nanotechnology, biotechnology, info expertise, and new applied sciences established in cognitive technology. With right awareness to moral concerns and societal wishes, converging in human talents, societal applied sciences might in achieving an important development results, the nation's productiveness, and the standard of existence. this can be a huge, move slicing, rising and well timed chance of curiosity to contributors, society and humanity within the long-term. The word "convergent applied sciences" refers back to the synergistic mixture of 4 significant "NBIC" (nano-bio-info-cogno) provinces of technological know-how and know-how, every one of that is presently progressing at a speedy price: (a) nanoscience and nanotechnology; (b) biotechnology and biomedicine, together with genetic engineering; (c) details know-how, together with complicated computing and communications; (d) cognitive technological know-how, together with cognitive neuroscience. well timed and huge chance. Convergence of numerous applied sciences is predicated on fabric cohesion on the nanoscale and on know-how integration from that scale.
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Extra info for Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance: Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information Technology and Cognitive Science
Value will stem from information, including that embodied in the complex structure of manufactured items made from the nanoscale out of common chemical elements, rather than rare metals or nonrenewable energy supplies. Sensing the environment and biosystems of the world will become essential in global environmental monitoring and remediation. New sources for a distributed energy system are Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance 21 envisioned, as well as new solutions such as highly efficient photosynthetic proteins, membranes, and devices.
For example, both spacecraft and military aircraft must combine high performance with low weight, so both NASA and the Department of Defense require advances in materials from nanotechnology and in computing from information technology. Furthermore, in medicine and healthcare, for example, national need will require that scientists and engineers tackle relatively pedestrian problems, whose solutions will benefit people but not push forward the frontiers of science. But practical challenges often drive the discovery of new knowledge and the imagination of new ideas.
Table 3. ) Societal and business reorg_anization Evolution transcending human cell, body, and brain? The following general integrative approaches have been identified as essential to NBIC: • Development of NBIC tools for investigation and transformational engineering at four levels: nano/microscopic, individual, group, and society • Integration of fundamental concepts of NBIC across all scales, beginning with the nanoscale • Investigation of converging technologies that is systems- and holistic-based 24 Overview • Focus of future technological developments on implications for improving human performance These principles concern the research methods, theoretical analyses, systemic perspective, and human benefit dimensions of scientific and technological integration.