By Linda Thompson
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Additional info for Building the Transcontinental Railroad
The Union Pacific crew had rhythm: 4 rails placed a minute, 3 strokes to a spike, 10 spikes to a rail, 400 rails to a mile. ” signaling the men to drop the rails into place. ” The Casement brothers paid each man three dollars a day if the crew laid at least a mile and a half of rail. 2 kilometers) a day, the pay went up to four dollars. But in the summer of 1866, news arrived that made the companies want to move even faster. Congress had decided that the Central Pacific should lay track into Nevada and beyond until the two lines came together.
Iron and steel production increased tenfold between 1864 and 1900. Oil had been discovered in Pennsylvania in 1859. Between 1864 and 1900, thanks to railroads, oil production increased ng i s i t r e v side ad est. twenty-fold. A broad ing w ead trains h 40 Within a few decades, the United States became the world’s economic leader. Its internal market was the largest on earth. Crop growers could concentrate on whatever grew best because regions no longer had to be self-sufficient. By 1900, manufacturing output of the United States had passed that of Britain, Germany, and France combined.
By 1868, the Sioux had been persuaded to sign treaties that moved them to South Dakota, with eastern Wyoming as their hunting ground. The Crow were confined to a section of central Montana, and the other Plains tribes went to reservations in Oklahoma. Although there would still be battles ahead, the nomadic lifestyle of Native Americans had ended. 31 Chapter 4 JOINING THE TRACKS In November 1868 Stanford met with Thomas Durant to decide where the railroads would join. Each man stubbornly believed his crew could lay rail faster than the other, and they refused to decide.