A Critical Humanitarian Intervention Approach (Rethinking by K. Butler

By K. Butler

A serious Humanitarian Intervention process explores methods of reconceptualizing defense by way of Ken Booth’s idea of global protection. This technique, focusing on human improvement extra largely can enhance upon the theoretical and functional obstacles of solidarist theories as regards to humanitarian intervention.

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Without the ability to claim that a better world is possible or even conceivable, there is no means by which the present can be criticised’ (Wyn Jones, 1999: 56). Epistemology consists of theorising about knowledge but it includes also, with respect to the above, theorising about political potentiality. Different types of theory create different sorts of potential. Paying much attention to the concepts of epistemology, Critical Theorists ‘explore ways of knowing about the world’ (Booth 2007: 192) with the intention of transforming it for the better.

One should be aware of the politico-normative content of knowledge because ‘ideas, words, and language are not mirrors which copy the real or objective world – as positivists’ conceptions of theory and knowledge would have it – but rather tools with which we cope with our world’ (West, 1989: 201). However, when it is argued as above that Critical Theorists reject the existence of objective standards of knowledge (and do so for the consequences they bring, not the substance they form), at the same time they seek to achieve universal emancipation.

While the purpose of Chapter 1 is to present the alternative theoretical foundations of the Theory of World Security, the purpose of the remaining chapters is to put these into practice. In Chapter 2 I first explain why the solidarist endeavour is problemsolving and focus in particular on its positivist method of theorising and its characteristic legitimisation of structures of domination. In an attempt to overcome the problem-solving solidarist theorising on humanitarian intervention I further propose an alternative to the problem-solving approach perspective, which I call a CHIA.

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